Creating an Effective Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide

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  • Post last modified:December 29, 2023
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Effective Resume
Effective Resume


No matter how serious we are about improving our skills, we are not so serious about writing resumes, due to which we do not get shortlisted in resumes or get interview calls even after having good skills and experience. Let’s know whether we should write a CV or resume to apply for a job. How to write, what should written in the resume, and what should be kept in mind while writing the effective resume.

1) CV or Resume?

There are several differences between a CV and a resume alike as:

The document to be sent while applying abroad for higher education is called a CV. In this section, please list your areas of expertise based on your university studies, as well as any completed research projects or theses. When a person wants to enter the working life, the document that he has to prepare is called the resume, which contains job experience, professional skills, and training.

The length of the CV is a little longer than the resume
Resumes are more commonly used in employment and CVs in academia.
To say briefly in a resume means trying to say yourself in as few words as possible, and in a CV you can say details about yourself.
So we must use resumes for jobs.

What should be included in an effective resume?

If you are given a short amount of time to talk about yourself, you will likely focus on the most important details. Similarly, when creating a resume, it is important to highlight the main points that showcase your skills and experience. What are some examples of these main points?”

What should be in the effective resume?

Suppose you are asked to tell something about yourself and the time is 5 minutes then you tell a lot of details about yourself now if you are given 30 seconds what would you do? Say the main points, I will always write the main points in such a resume. What can be the points?

First Section in Resume:

In the first section of the effective resume, you can give your name, along with your contact email, mobile number, and your current location.

When providing your email and mobile number to HR, it’s important to keep in mind that they will use this information to contact you at a later time. Similarly, when indicating your location, it’s important to note that some jobs may be location specific, depending on the company’s needs. However, job requirements can vary from person to person.

To showcase your skills and experience, you can provide links to your GitHub and LinkedIn profiles, along with your contact details. If you’ve contributed to open source projects or have a public repository on GitHub, this can give potential employers a positive impression of your abilities. Additionally, browsing your LinkedIn profile can give employers an idea of your professional network and any endorsements you’ve received from others.

Other important websites to consider include Stack Overflow and Stack Exchange, which can provide a deeper understanding of your technical knowledge and expertise within your tech community. These links can be invaluable in demonstrating your skills and experience to potential employers.

Then the first section of the resume will look something like that.

Second Section in Resume:

Skills are the most important thing in a resume for a job, so the second section needs to be skilled. Many people do not put the skill in the second section, many man put it far down in the effective resume, because after submitting many resumes against a job circular, the one who makes the shortlist in the resume may not go so low and not see the skills. And the one who applies for the job also wants to talk about his skills, so it is better to have skills in the second section.

I completely understand your concern. It can be challenging for non-technical personnel to shortlist resumes based on technical requirements. In such cases, HR managers usually rely on job requirements provided by technical personnel to shortlist candidates. To ensure the right candidates are shortlisted, it is important to present technical skills in a clear and understandable way. One way to do this is by separating related skills, such as frontend and backend, and listing them separately in the skills section of the resume. This will make it easier for non-technical personnel to identify the required skills and shortlist candidates accordingly.

Effective Resume
Effective Resume

Third Section in Resume:

If you have contributed to open source then write about it in the third section. By the way, open source contribution will increase positive feedback about you many times but we have skills and an open source contribution section. I will try to write in such a path that whoever looks at the resume can see these two sections without scrolling on his display.

Fourth Section in Resume:

In the fourth section, we can write our work experience. I can start work experience from the company where I am currently working
Fourth Section in Resume:

In the fourth section, we can write our work experience. I can start work experience from the company where I am currently working

how to write
In work experience, you can write the company name, your designation in the company, what technology you are working with within the mentioned company your joining date, last working date. Joining date, and last working date is required to calculate your total years of experience. What kind of technology you have worked in the mentioned company will give you an idea of what kind of technology you excel in. Whoever will shortlist the resume will get an idea of the technology you have worked with the most.

What applications / or work you have done in the mentioned company can be mentioned
how to do
A rule can be followed while writing details about what application / or work you do in the mentioned company.
1) Scope of work
2) What did you do for that task (execution)
3) Write your achievement (Achievement), number. Writing a number means you don’t say I optimized the database, you say I optimized the database whose processing time went from 1000 milliseconds to 400 milliseconds.

Fifth Section in Resume:

In the fifth section of the resume, if you have completed the certification, you can mention it, but only write those certifications that will give you positive feedback. Many people have done such and such a course in such and such an online site (not a very well-known or valuable site) from there they have taken the online exam and written everything down.
Only write what is important and valuable to the tech community

Sixth Section in Resume:

In the sixth section of the effective resume, you can write about your education, many people write PSC, SSC, or HSC, and here you write about your last 2 or 3 degrees/achievements. If you want to write about the result of education, you can write but it is not important.

It is very important to have a head about some things:

1) Many contact (,, using such emails, introduce your professionalism.
2) Many people write the subject of the email in the email subject (CV, resume, my CV, Hasan CV, Hasan resume).
3) Check spelling, and grammar mistakes well.
4) Save your resume with the proper name (hasan_resume.pdf) can be done in this way, (my_resume.pdf, resume.pdf) do not save it.
5) Send resume as pdf.
6) When emailing the resume, do not send the email body empty, you can get help from chatGPT to write the email body, and if possible, you can give a cover letter.

7) Read the job description well, there is no need to write something that you don’t know well.
8)When listing work experience, it is common to mistake the start date and end date. To avoid this, note the dates carefully. If it’s difficult to write the dates, simply include the year to calculate the total years of experience.
9) Check if the font size is correct in the resume.
10) Try to keep the effective resume simple with eliminate too colorful, red, blue, and purple.

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